First Americans Tour

Time Travel Tour to Your Ancestors Time Travel Tour along the Nation's First Highways - Waterways

The tour continues south from the Anacostian Indigenous Nation crossing Swan River (Potomac), following one of the first "Highways" in America connecting the mighty Algonquian speaking Indigenous Nations we will visit. Over the previous thousands of years the Algonquian speaking Indigenous Nations have followed these same waterways to move west from the Columbia River in North West California to the Mississippi and Ohio rivers in the Mid West through the Great Lakes basin to reach the Atlantic coast in Quebec and then emigrated down the coast reaching North Carolina. The term "Algonquin" derives from the Maliseet word elakómkwik, "they are our relatives." The Maliseet Indigenous Nation in Maine, like the Indigenous Nations you will meet on this tour are named after the river at the heart of their territory. The Maliseet Indigenous Nation calls themselves Wolastoqiyik after the Wolastoq river, meaning beautiful.

Traveling south to the Occoquan River, meaning "The End of Water", we enter the Taux Indigenous Nation. The Taux represent the last frontier Indigenous Nation before we enter the powerful Tsenacommacah Confederacy of 30 Indigenous Nations to their south! The Taux first met the invaders in 1608 with a boat of 14 pulling up in their capital city Tauxenent. You will get a sense of the size of this nation as we will pass their other cities along the next 8 miles like that of Niopsco, Yosococmico, and finally Quantico, now famous for the FBI base, but meaning "By The Long Stream" referring to Quantico creek. The Nation also extends east across the Potomac river, where they had a city named Moyumpse south of their closely associated sister Indigenous Nation the Piscataway.

A generation later by the 1650s the invaders were on the move and in 1651 they took title to 2109 acres of the Capital without treaty, in 1653 took another 1000 acres again without treaty and others followed. In 1666 war was declared by the successor state on the Taux for their annihilation. By 1670 they had retreated to live amongst the northern most Indigenous Nation still organized today, the Rapahonock. Nonetheless, the Taux continued valiantly until they were met with the dishonorable Thomas Mathews in 1675 who felt he could steal from the Taux. Some Taux thought to make right by taking a few pigs in partial payment for the wrong. Thereafter the racist Mathews executed a few Taux Nationals. The Taux enraged by this horrible injustice, their land, their property and now their own lives, executed the murderer. What ensued was horrific and later Thomas Mathews penned the horror of the slaughters in a book. He declared it was open season to hunt the Indigenous Nations, its known as Bacon's Rebellion as they did this without British ascent as one of the signal moves towards the rationale for the Successor State Civil War which would follow 100 years later. Forty-five years later the survivors retreated yet further south to live amongst the Mattaponi Indigenous Nation. Like the Anacostian, the Taux were as Indigenous Nations assimilated into the neighboring Nations which live on to this day.

South of the Taux we come to the Patawomeck Indigenous Nation. Located between the Acokeek and Potomac creeks, the invaders provided the indentured servitude of your time travel tour living historian Henry Spelman as a 14 year old where he mastered Algonquian in 1609. Henry had earlier apprenticed with the Tsenacommacah chief Powhatan himself! The Patawomeke chief Japasaw would four years later witnessed the invasion of his nation, and see the kidnapping of Powhatan's daughter Pocahontas. Their capitol was Patawomeck in what is now Crow's Nest Natural Preserve east of the highway in a penisnula on the Potomack river. The Chief would die in Caroline, VA in 1620. His father was Running Stream council to Chief Powhatan and his mother was PauPauwiske meaning Morning Scent Flower. His son succeeded him as Chief Wahanganoche Arroyha who led the nation from Passapatanzy until 1662 when he successfully brought charges for assault and false accusation against a Captain Giles Brent. On his way back from his exoneration he was executed and the medal he was awarded as a sign of peace by the Governor was unearthed two hundred years later in 1860. Four years later in 1666, forshadowing the attacks on the Taux a decade thereafter, the Successor state declared war on the Patawomekes. The same Captain Giles Brent led the attacks. Its brutality can be read in the minutes of the Successor State govermenment: "It is therefore ordered for revenge of the former and for the prevention of future mischiefs that the whole nation of the Taux and Potomacks be forthwith prosecuted with war to their utter destruction if possible and that their women and children and their goods or as much of it as shall be taken." This horrifically was genocidal and also gave permission to sell captive women and children into servitude.

Ontonah was an orphan of that 1666 attack, she was then sold to the Curtis invaders and renamed Elizabeth Ontonoah who was married to one of their children. That family the Curtis', used her name Ontonoah into the 1900s. In this way the Indigenous Nation was not able to preservere to the present day in an organized capacity. But through association the Patawomeck was still 150 strong living together in Passapatanzy just south of their original Indigenous Nation in 1933. The Nation stayed strong and by 2010 they created a government to government relationship with the successor state of Virginia.

The next highway we cross is the Rappahannock River meaning the Quick Rising Waters. The Rappahannock Indigenous Nation From their capital Topahanocke the Rappahannock saw the invasion reach their shores in the 1650s, but their capitol city still stands to this day. In 1684, the Indigenous Nation was ordered by the successor state of Virginia to an area on the Upper Rappahannock in Essex County, Virginia without providing a title to land. In 1921 the Nation Incorporated to help it preserve its Nationhood under Chief George Nelson. With incredible tenacity the Nation kept its unity for 200 years! Finally in 1983 the Indigenous Nation was officially recognized by the successor state named the Commonwealth of Virginia.

South of the Rappahannock the time travel comes to the Indigenous Nations we will be meeting with in the present.

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Taux Indigenous Nation Taux Indigenous Nation

In 2003 a marker was installed on Rte. 235 (Mt. Vernon Memorial Highway), 0.3 miles south of Rte. 1 to honor the Taux Indigenous Nation. It describes how their Nation "stood along the Potomac and Occoquan Rivers by 1607. They included Tauxenent, near the mouth of the Occoquan River, Namasingakent near Mount Vernon and Assaomeck near Alexandria. The Taux lived a semi-sedentary lifestyle that involved farming and extended hunting and fishing trips. The English forced many of the Taux out of this region by the late 17th century. Nearby Dogue Creek is named for them."
Patawomeck Indigenous Nation

Virginia Successor State Delegate William Howell attended the Patawomeck Monthly Council Meeting to present to the Council the Official Resolution granting the Patawomeck Indians State Recognition in 2010.

Rappahannock Indigenous Nation

The Rappahannock Tribe presented their 13th Annual American Indian POW-WOW in 2011 held on tribal land at 5036 Indian Neck Road, Indian Neck, VA 23148 (Route 623) in King and Queen County, VA.

Time Travel Reservations

The following departures are available for you and your friends or family:
Inaugural $20 First Americans Tour on April 1 2017 from 8am to 4pm EST in Washington DC
Additional Tour Dates
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